www.tipnews.info
September 25, 2016
Dalia Marin
Dalia Marin
Chair in International Economics at the University of Munich
Multinational firms have become a dominant feature of the world economy, but many dimensions of their activity are still little understood. For example, do multinational firms transplant their mode of organisation to other countries? If corporate culture matters, we would expect firms to operate with the same organisational form in the countries in which they invest. But it is ...
Ralph De Haas
Ralph De Haas
Director of Research, EBRD
Do large-scale mining projects in developing countries involve noticeable spillovers to firms and households in the vicinity of these mines? Some think not, arguing that mines are simply stand-alone enclaves without much local impact (Hirschman 1958). Investors – typically foreign-owned – open, exploit, and eventually close mines while sharing the operating profits with the cen...
Luc Laeven
Luc Laeven
Director-General of the Directorate General Research, European Central Bank and CEPR Research Fellow
The recent Global Crisis has prompted the major central banks to conduct lender of last resort (LOLR) operations on an unprecedented scale and stirred up a debate on the constraints and boundaries of LOLR policies (see Bindseil 2014 for an overview of such operations in the recent crisis). For instance, the Federal Reserve, the ECB and the Bank of England have each assisted ban...
FactCheck.org
FactCheck.org
A Project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania.
In a speech in Michigan, Tim Kaine cherry-picked the words of his Republican opponents, Donald Trump and Mike Pence, to leave a misleading impression of their public statements on military service members and white nationalist David Duke. Kaine quoted Trump as saying, “the American military is a disaster,” as evidence Trump was “dissing 2 million young men and wome...
Alex Edmans
Alex Edmans
Professor of Finance at London Business School (on leave from The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania); Faculty Research Fellow, NBER; and CEPR Research Fellow
In 1932, Berle and Means famously highlighted the potential problem of diffuse ownership in public firms. They warned that “power over industrial property has been cut off from the beneficial ownership of this property – or, in less technical language, from the legal right to enjoy its fruits… This dissolution of the atom of property destroys the very foundation on which the ec...
Pasquale D
Pasquale D'Apice
Economic Analyst, European Commission
The economic analysis of the budget of the EU has historically attracted significant attention, with a renewed interest emerging in the wake of the late 2000s Crisis and in view of the recent adoption of the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) 2014-20 (European Commission 1977, Freyer and Sacerdote 2013, Escolano et al. 2015). In a recent paper, I provide new evidence on the ...
Sergei Guriev
Sergei Guriev
Chief Economist, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development; Professor of Economics (on leave), Sciences Po Paris; CEPR Research Fellow
The Great Recession has brought a substantial increase in unemployment in the Eurozone, with the average unemployment rate growing from 7.5% in 2007 to 11% in 2015. The change has been very heterogeneous. In Northern Europe, unemployment did not grow substantially, and in some cases even fell. In Germany, for example, the unemployment rate actually declined from 8.5% to 4.6%. A...
FactCheck.org
FactCheck.org
A Project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania.
Donald Trump’s campaign manager falsely stated that “everybody just took [then Senator Barack Obama] at his word” in 2008 when he said he would have voted against invading Iraq. In fact, Obama publicly spoke out against the war in October 2002, before the U.S. Senate voted on the authorization of military force. Kellyanne Conway
James Heckman
James Heckman
Henry Schultz Distinguished Service Professor of Economics, University of Chicago; Founding Director,
Policy analysts around the world point to the Scandinavian countries as exemplars for promoting social mobility across generations without diminishing productivity (e.g. Sachs 2006, Bailey 2016). The Scandinavian model is often contrasted favourably with the US model. For example, an article in theWashington Post (2014) writes that, “[t]he American Dream is now spoken ...
Tito Boeri
Tito Boeri
Professor of Economics at Bocconi University, Milan; Scientific Director of the Fondazione Rodolfo Debenedetti and the founder of LaVoce. CEPR Research Fellow
Most European countries have experienced a dramatic increase in youth unemployment since the beginning of the Great Recession in April 2008. For the Eurozone as a whole, employment for people aged between 15 and 24 fell by almost 17% in six years. In southern Europe, the smallest decline was 34% in Italy, and the largest was 57% in Spain. Other age groups suffered less: 3% for ...
Marco Buti
Marco Buti
Director General of EMU at the Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs
The economic and financial crisis that started eight years ago has taken a taxing toll on European economies.  The cost has not only been economic, but also political. In the wake of this crisis, political scepticism has grown, as shown by the number of ruling parties and coalitions that lost elections during the heat of the crisis. Meanwhile, populist parties with an anti-Euro...
John Helliwell
John Helliwell
Arthur J.E. Child Foundation Fellow of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research
Much research and policy discussion over the past decade or two has argued for measures of wellbeing that are broader than the indicators of income and wealth previously used as the primary measures of human and social progress (e.g. Stiglitz et al. 2010, OECD 2013). There has also been a surge of interest in the measurement and welfare analysis of what is, in many countries, g...
Biagio Bossone
Biagio Bossone
Chairman, Group of Lecce
Economists from both left and centre have recently proposed we use 'helicopter money'  – the direct injection of cash into the hands of consumers, or the permanent monetisation of government debt. They argue that central banks can prompt output and price growth without requiring higher debt financing by issuing money. It is, apparently, a free lunch. Is that really the case?...
FactCheck.org
FactCheck.org
A Project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania.
Tim Kaine says Donald Trump’s refusal to release his tax returns fails to clear even the low ethical bar set by Richard Nixon as a candidate. But Kaine gets some history wrong. Nixon never publicly released his tax returns as a presidential candidate, though he did amid a swirling tax controversy during his presidency. Kaine, the Democratic vice presidential nominee, has ...
Alain de Serres
Alain De Serres
Head of Structural Policies Surveillance Division, OECD
Despite the consensus that structural reforms boost employment and productivity in the medium to long run, relatively little is known about the adjustment path to the new equilibrium as supply and demand respond to reforms. A natural concern is that some reforms have adverse short-run impacts on GDP, especially if conducted under weak macroecono...
John Gibson
John Gibson
Professor in the Department of Economics at the University of Waikato
The first two Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are to end poverty and hunger. Both goals relate to the proportion of the population living below acceptable thresholds – poverty lines in one case, and dietary energy standards in the other. These goals involve the lower tail of distributions so statistics on living standards have to reliably measure not just means and totals ...
Stefano Ugolini
Stefano Ugolini
Assistant Professor of Economics, University of Toulouse
Economists generally agree that Mario Draghi’s London speech on 26 July 2012 was crucial in stopping the self-fulfilling Eurozone crisis (Rebooting Consensus Authors 2015). While markets were awed by the ECB President’s pledge to do “whatever it takes” to preserve the euro, only a few observers paid attention to the limitations attached to this vow—“within our mandate”. As a...
Philippe Aghion
Philippe Aghion
Robert C. Waggoner Professor of Economics, Harvard University and CEPR Research Fellow
Despite a public rhetoric about taxation that can be shockingly simplistic – good versus bad! – the relationship between taxation and economic growth is very complex. A short list of important factors includes disincentives of taxation for effort; the provision of education, infrastructure, and other public goods; redistribution effects and financing constraints; and so on. Mor...
FactCheck.org
FactCheck.org
A Project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania.
In a TV ad, Republican Rep. Charles Boustany falsely states that “Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton refuse to declare war on ISIS,” and wrongly suggests that Obama and Clinton “banned oil exports.” Obama, who has said “we are at war” with ISIS, has authorized more than 11,000 targeted airstrikes against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria since Operation Inherent Resolve bega...
Laurence Ball
Laurence Ball
Professor, Johns Hopkins University; Research Associate, NBER; and Visiting Scholar, IMF
In 2008, liquidity crises threatened the survival of many of the large financial institutions in the US. The Federal Reserve rescued firms such as Bear Stearns and AIG with emergency loans, but it did not rescue Lehman Brothers when a run on that firm left it without enough cash to operate. Lehman declared bankruptcy on 15 September 2008, leading to a dramatic acceleration of t...
Peter Nunnenkamp
Peter Nunnenkamp
Senior Economist, Kiel Institute for the World Economy
The liberalisation of financial markets in the 1990s and 2000s is considered to have contributed to the 2007/2008 Global Crisis. But we can forget the important contribution of financial markets to economic development. In poor countries, investment, even foreign direct investment (FDI), is costly. Well-developed financial markets may help to fund such investment. To achieve...
Thorvaldur Gylfason
Thorvaldur Gylfason
Professor of Economics, University of Iceland and CEPR Research Fellow
By GDP or GNI per capita, the US was for a long time the undisputed front-runner of the world economy, surpassed only recently by a few small countries that became rich due to their oil wealth (Kuwait and Norway, for example) or their financial prowess (Luxembourg). Per-capita GDP or GNI continue to be prevalent in economic policy analysis, apparently because of convention and ...
FactCheck.org
FactCheck.org
A Project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania.
In a speech in Ohio on terrorism, Donald Trump repeated several fact-twisting and bogus claims he has made before: He again said that he opposed the Iraq War “from the beginning,” and this time pointed to two interviews as support. But he didn’t express an opinion in one interview on whether the U.S. should invade Iraq. And the other came more than a year after the...
Gaston Gelos
Gaston Gelos
Division Chief of the Global Financial Stability Analysis Division, IMF
Financial spillovers occur when fluctuations in the price of an asset trigger changes in the prices of other assets. They can reflect both desirable effects (incorporation of news into prices) and less desirable ones (transmission of excess volatility due to financial frictions). Recently, financial market volatility in emerging markets seems to have been widely transmitted to ...
Rabah Arezki
Rabah Arezki
Economist at the IMF Institute
Oil prices have decreased by about 65% since their recent peak in June 2014 (Figure 1). This dramatic and largely unexpected (Baumeister and Kilian 2016) collapse in prices has sparked intense debate over the causes and consequences. Arguably, the dynamic adjustment has changed the oil market structurally, leaving it quite different from the past. In addition, the manner in whi...
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